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Study Related Terms and Definitions


Within the online teaching and learning framework, accessibility refers to the ability for anyone, regardless of disability or special needs to access, and interact with every component within the online course, institutional materials, and supporting services. Every institution will have an accessibility policy for online students and instructors.

Adaptive Learning

Technology mediated learning that takes into consideration the preferences and competencies of individual students and adapts to meet learning styles, individual deficiencies and skill gaps. Many learning management systems (LMS) have adaptive learning functionality built in so that instructors can review student activity within an online course, and enable features to better serve targeted student needs. and instructors.


The art, science, and craft of teaching adults. Andragogy encompasses the manifestation of the practice of an individual instructor in a situation that includes adult learners only.


Shortened form of “application”, typically referring to an application or utility that can be accessed and used on a mobile device.

Asynchronous Learning

In an asynchronous course, learning materials, interactions, and assignments can be accessed at any time. Instructors and students access the course at their convenience, within a set schedule established by the instructor. Specific time frames can (and should) be established, but the main premise is that there is no requirement for everyone to be in the same place online at the same time.